The MONUMENT TO PEOPLE is a pyramid made of PAPER and soil,
that will be naturally
covered by the site vegetation. Its construction has already started
and will continue FOR A LONG TIME.
idea is to drive the discussion on the need to SEQUESTRATE
CARBON as a means
to mitigate the current process of GLOBAL WARNING.
the ECOLOGIC PARK HUDSON in Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA,
by SCHOOL PUPILS, who will be so introduced to a problem that they
will compulsorily inherit. This new TOURISTIC OBJECTIVE will
help to create
a pole of development in the middle of a long neglected
is an ART WORK that belongs to a NEW CULTURE. It will
collaborate in THE
DEVELOPMENT OF A SOCIAL ATTITUDE that is absolutely necessary
the changes, that in the coming years will be become
days to come, I intend to build a pyramid of PAPER and SOIL in
up to where we will be capable of making it grow, as an INDICATOR
OF GLOBAL WARMING and in order to start a discussion on what we
can do to face this urgent problem.
the cooperation of many friends, the MONUMENT TO PEOPLE came
last April 23, 2005 in ECOLOGIC HUDSON PARK, a small wild
the Province of Buenos Aires next to the Museum, home of
Guillermo Enrique Hudson (internationally
famous writer, 1841-1922).
HUDSON PARK is in "Los 25 Ombķes" in the district
of Florencio Varela
(www.husmeando.com.ar/hudson.htm), on the route linking BUENOS
CITY and LA PLATA, capital of the province.
FROM NOW ON
MONUMENT TO PEOPLE can help us to introduce young students
museum the GLOBAL CLIMATIC CHANGE issue. Itís also intended
to be a TOURIST
SPOT, a progress landmark inside a forsaken community. ITS
ATTRACTION IS TO FOLLOW, monthly, ITS PROGRESS.
shape of the work will BE PYRAMID LIKE, though it will be
subject to the
changes resulting from the INTERACTION WITH THOSE WILLING TO PARTICIPATE.
It may include human shaped sculptures, works of artists or craftspeople
willing to accept the rules of the game: as the monument grows
these works will remain in it till they disappear.
WORK OF ART
MONUMENT TO PEOPLE is a WORK OF ART. Itís not a profitable
it might be. It seeks controversy on the topic of GLOBAL
its consequences, well-known to experts and even politicians,
community as a whole is reluctant to accept it.
well intentioned ecologists might not like this, as this work denies
the need to recycle paper, an indisputable "truth"
to many. Our aim
is to induce RATIONAL, NON-PREJUDICED, NON-EMOTIVE thinking
dramatic present situation demands it.
is important to deepen the discussion, to manifest the GLOBAL
We need to encourage more categorical attitudes towards FACING
NON-STOPPING CONCENTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE
ATMOSPHERE.5 Eduardo CALVO @4450
excess of CARBON PRESENT IN THE BIOSPHERE IS THE CORE OF OUR PROBLEM.
It produces a progressive warming of the atmosphere with infinitely
varied and, on the whole, negative consequences.
cannot solve the problem. We will need new governors to do so,
SHOULD NOT BE INDIFFERENT to it. Through
the MONUMENT TO PEOPLE, I wish to remind THE NEED OF REDUCING CARBON
from the ecosystem of our planet, and to announce THE END OF
THE OIL CULTURE.
NECESSARILY NEGATIVE VISION
beings are modifying certain physical parameters on the
are already 6.200 million or more of us. Nowadays, NO HUMAN ACTIVITY
AT ANY IMPORTANT SCALE IS INNOCUOUS.
future situation should not be necessarily negative. At the
although itís the origin of our problems, our amazing
us to CONTROL NATURAL PROCESSES (at least in a limited way),
as we act responsibly and without any prejudices.
IRRATIONAL BURNING OF FOSSIL FUELS, as if it were innocuous,
and the building
of a whole civilization around oil, as if it were a non-finite
leads us to an ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL
the boosting of knowledge that started with the Industrial Revolution,
will make available new sustainable energy resources, that will
keep us progressing and even will allow us TO CLEAN THE
ATMOSPHERE IN THE FUTURE.
problem is HOW TO OVERCOME THIS TRANSITION at the lowest
OUR OWN SURVIVAL AND IDENTITY ARE IN DANGER. We artists, must contribute
with what we can, for instance by denouncing prejudices.
cultural INERTIA, even more than the affected economic
sectors, is DELAYING
THE NECESSARY CHANGES. At some point in the future, we will need
to arrive to a technical solution to the problem.
ENEMIES ARE IN SIGHT, AND WE DO NOTHING
DIOXIDE (CO2) and METHANE (CH4) are our most important enemies
Their way of affecting us is the INCREASE OF THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT.
But there is a third one under cover: the INERTIA that leads
do AS IF NOTHING WAS ABOUT TO HAPPEN.
the rapid negative evolution of the planetís average
a consequence of THE GROWING CONCENTRATION OF CO2 in the
a result of the burning of fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal).
CH4, a product
of organic decomposition, and other gases also contribute to
and CH4 are both part of natureís cycle. The problem is
that, as we extract
fossil fuels from the depths of the Earth and burn them, WE BOOST
THE VOLUME OF CARBON PRESENT IN THE ATMOSPHERE, which leads to
concentrations and INCREASING THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE.
to EXTRACT THE CARBON FROM THE ATMOSPHERE is a technological
as well as
a political problem. Not only we do ignore how to do so
also we are not aware that it needs to be done. Above
all, we do not have a powerfull enough energy to reduce an important
part of the carbon dioxide and extract the oxygen present in it.
But this is easily done by plants and trees, which use the
order to put the necessary measures into practice, we might
need a shock
-for example an ATMOSPHERIC DISASTER.
MONUMENT TO PEOPLE is a pyramid like artificial mountain, made
up of PLASTIC
BAGS CONTAINING WASTE PAPER AND SEMI-PERMEABLE BAGS CONTAINING
which is made from wood, is mainly composed of cellulose (C6
H10O5), a macromolecular polysaccharide full of carbon.
they grow, superior vegetables STORE IMPORTANT QUANTITIES OF CARBON
in their wood, extracted through photosynthesis of the atmospheric
CO2. PAPER can store carbon stably and lastingly, if its decay
forests can efficiently control the rapidly increasing concentration
of CO2. But THEY DO THEIR WORK WHILE THEY GROW, AND THE FASTER
ARE CESSPOOLS OF CARBON. Wood can have various densities but, according
to calculations, each cubic metre contains the carbon aquivalent
to one tonne of CO2 on average.
an adult treeís growth has decreased or stopped, the process
falls substantially and even reverts. THERE MUST BE YOUNG, HEALTHY
TREES IN CONSTANT GROWTH TO PROTECT THE ATMOSPHERE. Decaying forests
generate large amounts of methane (CH4) as wood rots away,
the fight against warming.
we use wood to make PAPER in a suitable way, replacing felled
(under the economic conditions to make this profitable), we
can help solve this problem by LOCKING CARBON in its
cellulose, thus keeping
it out of the atmosphere and avoiding its rotting and return
activity generated by new PAPER industry supports the creation
maintenance of young forests in rapid growth. Recycling
reduces the need
of them. This is why we propose to set an EXAMPLE by
QUANTITIES OF PAPER in our MONUMENT TO PEOPLE, in order to increase
the need of new tree plantations.
clashes with our intuitive idea and the good intentions of
who take PAPER recycling as universally valid. They do not bear
in mind that, under the present dramatic circumstances, ITīS
TO PRESERVE FORESTS. We need many more of them and in rapid growth,
so that they reduce excess CO2 through photosynthesis.
paper in the MONUMENT TO PEOPLE has an added benefit. Itís
a LEGACY TO OUR POSTERITY, clues for terrestrial or extraterrestrial
archaeologists to find, in hundreds or thousands of years,
remainings of our newspapers and try to find out what on earth
to us. Nowadays, we speculate similarly about Mayan hieroglyphics;
apparently their society also collapsed following an environmental
is stable, but not indestructible. Itís easily attacked by a
of insects, fungi and micro organisms which break it down, in
term generating more CH4 and CO2 from their digestion
order to have a long lasting carbon locking we must ISOLATE
THE PAPER for
building our MONUMENT TO PEOPLE as much as possible. The idea
is to wrap
it in the least biodegradable kind of plastic and then bury
it, so as
to postpone the release of unwanted gases, as the mountain
its own weight.
done by archaeologists, when examining old garbage dumps, show
that by ELIMANTIG THE CONTACT OF PAPER WITH AIR it is possible
years to come someone might incidentally, even get to read
news in our
papers when researching into "a solid structure built,
with some purpose,
by intelligent, probably human, beings".
should not expect to revert the cycle so that the PAPER
the MONUMENT TO PEOPLE again turns into fossil fuels. The
which buried huge amounts of carbon in the form of
and coal, took millions of years. But we can expect TO GAIN
THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW, POWERFUL FORMS OF ENERGY -and a NEW CULTURE-
give mankind the opportunity to recondition the environment, now
process of CLIMATIC CHANGE, pushed up by burning fossil fuels
STOPPED. Its consequences are INEVITABLE; we can barely soften
and, above all GET READY TO FACE ITS CONSEQUENCES.
paper and burying it properly HELPS, BUT LITTLE. Letís put
way: ONE KILO OF PAPER CONTAINS AS MUCH CARBON AS HALF A LITRE
OIL, an insignificant dose to our consuming fever.
around, itís easy to notice that THERE JUST ISNíT ENOUGH
to COLLECT PAPER AND CAPTURE THE CARBON IN IT can prepare us
future, and make us aware of what is going on around us.
is no time to waste. It wonít be long before we can feel the
of global warming. Whatís more, MANY OF US WILL ACTUALLY